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Buffered Input, Ignoring Padding.

Sometimes it is desirable to ignore padding (^@ and ^C characters) at the end of a file, but to consider ^@ and ^C characters within the file to be significant. The convention usually used is that ^@ and ^C characters are only padding if they occur as the last few characters in the last word of the file. A ^L character in the last word followed only by ^C's or ^@'s is also to be ignored. Here is a routine which claims to have hit end of file when it reaches the padding.

This routine works by saving the last word of each buffer load to be processed at the front of the next buffer load. That is so that, when we discover end of it is guaranteed that we have not yet processed the last word of the file. So once we KNOW it is the last word, we can look through it for padding and discard what we find.

It is necessary to call the subroutine GETINI before reading the first character of input.

INBFR:  BLOCK INBFL             ;This is the buffer.  40 to 200 is
                                ;good for INBFL (160. to 640. characters).

INCNT:  0                       ;Number of characters left in buffer
                                ;not fetched yet.
INPTR:  0                       ;Byte pointer used for fetching characters

INAHED: 0                       ;Look-ahead word.
                                ;The last word of previous bufferful
                                ;saved for the next bufferful.
INEOF:  0                       ;-1 if this bufferful is the last.

;Read another input character into A.
;Skip if successful.  No skip if EOF.
GETCHR: SOSL INCNT              ;Anything left in the buffer?
         JRST GETCH1            ;Yes => just get it.
        SKIPE INEOF             ;If we discovered last time that there
         POPJ P,                ;is no more, it's eof now.
        PUSHJ P,GETBUF          ;Fill up the buffer again.

        AOS (P)
        POPJ P,

;Call this to initialize the buffer, before reading the first character.
;This is to ignore the look-ahead word,
;which is garbage the first time around.
        PUSHJ P,GETCHR          ;So just read and throw away
        PUSHJ P,GETCHR          ;the supposed look-ahead chars.
        POPJ P,

        PUSH P,B
        MOVE A,INAHED           ;Our previous look ahead word is now
        MOVEM A,INBFR           ;our first word of input.
        MOVE A,[440700,,INBFR]  ;That's where we should start fetching.
        HRLI A,010700           ;The SIOT should start AFTER that word.
;Note that it is essential that we set up A with
;010700,,INBFR rather than 440700,,INBFR+1
;because of how GETCH4 decrements the byte pointer.
;We are being compatible with SIOT, which also returns
;a byte pointer of the form 010700 rather than 440700.
        MOVEI B,INBFL*5-5       ;from the file, but not that word.
        ;; Do the input.  A says where to put it and B says how many chars.
                        A ? 400000,,B]
         .LOSE %LSFIL
        JUMPE B,GETCH2          ;Didn't get all we asked for =>
         SETOM INEOF            ; this is the last we will get.
        MOVNS B                 ;B is left with number of characters
        ADDI B,INBFL*5          ;we wanted but didn't get.
        MOVEM B,INCNT           ;Compute how many chars we did get.
;We are now certainly at eof, and the last word of the file
;is now in the buffer.
GETCH4: ADD A,[070000,,]        ;Back up to last character.
        JUMPL A,GETCH3          ;When we get to left edge of word,
                                ;we have examined the entire last word,
                                ;so there is no more padding.
        LDB B,A
        CAIE B,^C               ;Any number of ^@ and ^C chars is padding.
         CAIN B,^@
          JRST [ SOS INCNT      ;So officially say it is not there.
                 JRST GETCH4]
        CAIN B,^L               ;A ^L followed by padding is padding
         SOS INCNT              ;but nothing before it is padding.
        JRST GETCH3

;If we did fill the buffer, we must save one word as look-ahead
;for next time.
GETCH2: MOVE A,INBFR+INBFL-1    ;Save the last word we got.
        MOVEI A,INBFL*5-5       ;Don't include those 5 chars
        MOVEM A,INCNT           ;in the count of how many are in the bfr.
        POP P,A
        POPJ P,
Both of these examples are suited to reading input from a disk file. If you are reading input from the terminal, you probably want to do rubout processing for the user's sake. There is a library you can use for this; read the file SYSENG;RUBOUT >.